Polling stations have now closed and votes are being counted in this year’s local elections in England.
The results will come in waves throughout the night and into the morning – with all councils expected to declare by 8pm on Friday.
Elections were held in 230 of England’s 317 councils, within district, borough, county borough and unitary authority councils, along with four mayoral elections in Bedford, Leicester, Mansfield and Middlesbrough.
See full election results as they come in
This is your guide to the key seats to watch out for through the early hours of the morning and beyond.
• The first result could come from Broxbourne, a Tory-held council – expected a little after midnight.
• The pace of declarations will then speed up significantly, with results at Castle Point, Rushmoor, South Tyneside, Basildon, Halton and Sunderland all expected between 1am and 2am.
• Hartlepool, a key battleground which as of now has no overall control, is expected to declare its result at around 1.30am. Both parties will be looking to seize a majority here – after Boris Johnson secured a by-election victory in the parliamentary seat in 2021.
• The hotly-contested Harlow will also declare early. Losing just four seats would mark an end to Conservative control, which was gained back in 2021. Prior to this, Labour had the majority for a decade.
• At this point, the result of the Middlesbrough mayoral election will also likely be confirmed.
Read more: Professor Michael Thrasher explains how to interpret the results
• This is when results will really start to pour in. Brentwood is expected on the hour – and if the Tories lose just one seat, the council will fall to no overall control. There is also the potential for a Liberal Democrat majority if they made gains.
• Also expected to declare at some point in this period are Ipswich, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Portsmouth, Redditch, Rochford and Exeter.
• At 3am, Boston in Lincolnshire is expected to be one of the first councils to declare results in all of its wards. Currently under no overall control, the Conservatives only need to gain one seat to win a majority.
• Three gains in Peterborough would also give the Tories overall control of the council. A result is expected at 3am.
• Dudley is another Conservative-controlled council that we should keep a close eye on when the result comes in at around 3.30am. The Tories should retain overall control, but any transfer of seats between the two main parties will be watched.
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The key councils to watch
• In this two-hour period, more than a dozen results could be declared in rapid succession. Early on the list will be Braintree, Coventry, North Devon, North Norfolk and Southend-on-Sea.
• Bolton, which has no overall control, is one to watch at 4am. It is one of several Metropolitan Boroughs where the rise of local independent groups has affected the ability of one party to seize a majority.
• At the same time, Plymouth will likely declare a result. Politics here is somewhat chaotic, with both Labour and Tory councillors either defecting or being expelled. With newly elected independents in their midst, it is difficult to predict how voters will react.
• Turning to the Liberal Democrats for a moment, and Tory-held Dacorum in Hertfordshire is in Sir Ed Davey’s sights for a “blue wall” upset.
• At 5am, we will see declarations that could also be significant for the Lib Dems: Bath and North East Somerset which the party took from the Conservatives in 2019, and Windsor and Maidenhead, where Lib Dem gains could shift the council from Tory to no overall control.
• A headline of the day would be if Medway in Kent falls to Labour. This was a new council in 1997 but even during its landslide victory, Labour could not win it outright. The winning line is 28 seats so watch this one closely at 6.30am.
• Another to watch in this hour is Stoke-on-Trent, which is set to declare at 6am. The area is a stark example of how Labour’s voter base has eroded in areas hard hit by industrial decline. Voters have been supporting various brands of independents since the turn of the century and their rise has damaged Labour.
• Others declaring after dawn breaks are South Gloucestershire, South Kesteven and Tameside.
At this point, there will be time to take a breather.
With the exception of East Lindsey – which is expected to declare at 9am. After this, we don’t anticipate any results emerging until 12pm.
• The first in the Friday afternoon wave of results will be Herefordshire, and Labour-held Rossendale, Gateshead and Manchester.
• Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer will be hoping to bolster his majority in Gateshead – and hold on to the other northern councils – as the general election looms.
• Solihull is one to keep a close eye on when it declares at 1pm – as is Stratford-upon-Avon. Both have fragile Conservative majorities and could see a fall to no overall control if the Liberal Democrats and Greens make gains.
• Burnley could also bring an interesting result at 1.30pm. Labour needs four gains to take majority control.
• Conservative-held Walsall is a council where Labour will need to make gains if it is to claim it’s on track to win the next general election.
• We also expect the Mansfield mayoral election to declare at around this time.
• At this point, politics watchers should be aware of the results in Torbay, where the Conservatives lost their majority to no overall control in 2019.
• Results for Stafford, Middlesbrough, Tunbridge Wells, West Devon, West Suffolk and Wokingham will also be confirmed between 2pm and 4pm.
• Darlington is one to watch when it declares at 3pm. The Tees Valley area is a key target for Labour. With all seats up for re-election, Labour might advance, having finished just two seats behind the Conservatives last time.
• It’s also worth noting that Milton Keynes is run by a Labour and Liberal Democrat coalition at the moment.
• Later in the afternoon, results will rush in from a number of key battlegrounds. The first will be Dover, where the Tories gained a seat from Labour in a local council by-election in 2021. If the Conservatives lose three seats, they lose overall control.
• Two cabinet ministers – Michael Gove and Jeremy Hunt – have their Surrey constituencies in Elmbridge, which is currently under no overall control. The area saw big swings to the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 general election – could the party take the council this time?
• At the same time, Swindon is expected to declare its results. Sir Keir launched Labour’s local election campaign here – it is a key target for the party.
• Stockton-on-Tees should also declare in this period. Labour lost control of the council in 2019 and the parliamentary constituency later that year in the general election.
• Sheffield will see Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the Greens going head to head – with Labour hoping for three gains to win a majority.
• The final rush will begin at 6pm – but by this point, we will likely have a good idea of the overall picture.
• Those to declare in this wave will include Lancaster, New Forest, South Derbyshire, Mid Devon and Bedford.
• Waverley is expected to declare at around 6pm. In May 2019, the Liberal Democrats came within six percentage points of the Tory total – but won only 14 seats compared to 23 for the Conservatives. The Lib Dems will be hoping to make gains and seats to build pressure ahead of the general election.
• The very last result is expected to come from York, which is currently run by a Liberal Democrat and Green coalition. Labour is hoping to make gains.